Jawaharlal Nehru University, also known as JNU, is located in New Delhi, the capital of India. It is mainly a research oriented postgraduate University with approximately 5,500 students and a faculty strength of around 550.
The university was established in 1969 by an act of parliament. It was named after Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, and was founded by, Indira Gandhi (Nehru’s daughter) with G. Parthasarathy as its first-Vice-Chancellor.
The objective of the founders was to make the university a premier institution of higher learning and to promote research and teaching leading to the increasing engagement of its students and teachers in higher level academic work and national and international policy making.
International league tables produced in 2006 by the London-based The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) placed JNU among the world’s top 200 universities. For life and biological sciences, JNU is ranked among the top 100 universities in the world. JNU’s School of Social Sciences is at the 57th position among the world’s top 100 institutes for social sciences.
The University is organized into ten Schools, each of which has several Centers as well as four independent Special Centers:
- School of Arts and Aesthetics: This is one of the newest schools in the university. The M.A. in Arts and Aesthetics is devoted to the history, critical theory and aesthetics of visual and performing arts, primarily of India. Specialization is available in the streams of visual and performing arts with a common pool of core courses.
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education with at least 50% marks.
- School of BioTechnology: This school was set up in 2006 from the earlier Center for Biotechnology. Ph. D.: Gene Transfer And Expression In Eukaryotic System, Transcription Control And Gene Regulation, Protein Engineering, Molecular Biology of Infectious Diseases, Molecular Immunology, Protein Stability, Conformation & Folding, Optimization of Recombinant Protein Production, Structural Biology & Molecular Bioinformatics, And Biochemical Engineering.
Eligibility: Master’s degree in Biotechnology, Biochemical Engineering, Biochemistry, Chemistry or any branch of Biological Sciences with atleast 55% marks.
- School of Computational and Integrative Sciences (earlier School of Information Technology): This school offers M.Tech in Computational and Systems Biology, and pre-doctorate and doctorate courses in Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. The department has two centers, Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics and High Performance Computing Center.
- School of Computer and Systems Sciences: Since its inception in 1974, this school has been attracting the largest number of applications as compared with the other schools. (A) M.Phil. / Ph. D. & M.TECH / Ph. D.
Eligibility: Master’s degree in Computer Science; or Mathematics; or Statistics; or Operational Research; or in any branch of Science; or B. Tech. in any branch of Engineering; or Master of Computer Applications (MCA) with atleast 55% marks or equivalent grade point.
(B) M.C.A. (Master of Computer Applications): 3-Year Programme Open To candidates With Adequate Competence In Mathematics.
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education with atleast 55% marks in any discipline with adequate competence in Mathematics.
- School of Environmental Sciences: Research into Remote sensing application in Geosciences, especially Groundwater and Earthquake forewarning and Sun-Earth connection. Other research includes: Environmental Biosciences, Ecology, Geomics, Glaciology, Chemistry, Cell Biology, Immunology,Pollution studies, Radiation Physics and Environmental Physics.
- School of International Studies: This is the oldest school. It predates the establishment of JNU as the Indian School of International Studies, which was set up in 1956. The centers in this school are the Center for Canadian, US and Latin American Studies, the Center for East Asian Studies, the Center for European Studies, the Center for International Legal Studies, the Center for International Politics, Organisation and Disarmament Studies, the Center for International Trade and Development, the Center for Russian and Central Asian Studies, the Center for South, Central, Southeast Asian and Southwest Pacific Studies, the Center for West Asian & African Studies and the Group of Comparative Politics & Political Theory.(A) M.Phil/Ph.D. in:
International Politics, Organisation, Disarmament & Political Geography, Diplomatic Studies, International Legal Studies, International Trade And Development; South Asian, Central Asian, Southeast Asian & Southwest Pacific Studies; Chinese, Japanese & Korean Studies; West Asian, North African And Sub-Saharan African Studies; American, Latin American, Canadian & West European Studies And Russian, Central Asian & East European Studies.
- Candidates with Master’s Degree in Political Science, History, Economics, International Relations and Area Studies with atleast 50% marks; or Master’s degree in Humanities and other Social Sciences with at least 60% marks or Master’s Degree in Natural Sciences with at least 65% marks are eligible to apply in fields other than International Legal Studies, International Trade & Development and Political Geography.
- Candidates seeking admission to M.Phil / Ph.D. programme in International Trade & Development must have their M.A. in Economics with atleast 50% marks and familiarity with Mathematics upto Bachelor’s level.
- Candidates seeking admission to M.Phil/Ph.D. programme in Political Geography must have Master’s degree in Geography with atleast 50% marks with sufficient knowledge of quantitative methods and techniques; and with Political Science, or International Relations or Economics as a subject at the B.A. or M.A. level or Master’s degree in International Relations, Political Science, History, Economics or Oceanography and Environmental Studies with atleast 50% marks and with Geography as one of the subjects at Bachelor’s degree level or with Political Geography as one of the subject at the M.A. level.
- Candidates seeking admission to International Legal Studies must have an LL.B. (Three year) degree with atleast 55% marks after Bachelor’s degree; or an LL.B (Five year) degree with atleast 55% marks in the aggregate or an M.A. with International Law as one of the subjects with atleast 55% marks in the aggregate or a LL.M. degree with atleast 50% marks in the aggregate.
(B) M.A. in:
POLITICS (with specialization in International Relations)
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in any discipline with atleast 50% marks.
(C) M.A. in:
ECONOMICS (with specialization in the World Economy)
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in Economics with at least 50% marks in aggregate and with either Mathematics or Statistics as papers or subsidiary subjects.
- School of Language, Literature and Culture Studies: This is the only school that offers undergraduate courses with several centers: the Center for Arabic and African Studies, the Center for Chinese and South East Asian Studies, the Center for French and Francophone Studies, the Center for German Studies, the Center of Indian Languages, the Center for Japanese Korean and North East Asian Studies, the Center for English Studies, the Center for Linguistics, the Center for Persian and Central Asian Studies, the Center for Russian Studies, the Center for Spanish, Portuguese, Italian & Latin American Studies.(A) M.Phil. / Ph.D. in: French, German, Arabic, Russian, Persian, Chinese, Hindi Translation, Urdu, Hindi, English, Linguistics, Japanese & Spanish ; and Ph.D. in modern western philosophy.
- M.Phil. / Ph.D. in English: Master’s Degree in English or Linguistics or Sociology or History or Philosophy or Folklore or Film & Communication Studies or Culture Studies or Comparative Literature with at least 50% marks.
- M. Phil/Ph.D in Linguistics: Master’s Degree in Linguistics or Psychology or Sociology or Folklore or Culture Studies or any Language or M.Sc. in Speech & Hearing or Computer Science Engineering or MCA with at least 50% marks.
- For Hindi Translation: Master’s degree in Hindi with 50% marks or Master’s degree in any Indian/Foreign language with 50% marks and Hindi as one of the subject at B.A. level.
- For other Languages Subjects: Master’s Degree in concerned Language/Subject with atleast 50% marks.
(B) M.Phil. in: Portuguese.
Eligibility: Master’s degree in Portuguese with atleast 50% marks or Master’s degree in any other Romance Language (Italian, Spanish, French, Romanian) or in English with atleast 50% marks and an Advanced Diploma in Portuguese with atleast 50% marks.
(C) M.A. in: English, Linguistics, Hindi, Urdu, Persian, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, French, German, Russian & Spanish.
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in any discipline with atleast 45% marks with adequate proficiency in the language concerned.
(D) B.A. (Hons.) in: Persian, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, French, German, Russian and Spanish (With Entry Points to both 1st And 2nd Year).
- For B.A. (Hons.): (1st Year): Senior School Certificate (10+2) or equivalent examination with atleast 45% marks.
For B.A. (Hons.): (2nd Year): First year of Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education or an examination recognised as equivalent thereto with atleast 45% marks with adequate proficiency in the language concerned.
- School of Life Science: This is one of the oldest schools. (A) M.PHIL./PH.D. in : Areas of Interdisciplinary Research In Molecular Biology, Genetic Engineering, Plant Biotechnology, Genetics, Develop-Mental Biology, Cell Biology, Immunology, Neurobiology, Microbiology, Radiation And Cancer Biology, Bio-Physics And Structural Biology.
Eligibility: Open to candidates with M.Sc. Degree in either Biology or Non-Biology background as well as to MBBS candidates. Master’s Degree with at least 55% marks or equivalent grades in Biochemistry, Biophysics, Biotechnology, Botany, Chemistry, Genetics, Life Sciences, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Physics, Physiology, Zoology, other allied subjects, disciplines of Agricultural Science or MBBS degree.
(B) M.Sc. in: Life Sciences
An integrated interdisciplinary programme in Modern Biology .
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in Biological, Physical or Agricultural Sciences with atleast 55% marks.
V. School of Environmental Sciences
(A) M.Phil./Ph. D. In Environmental Sciences
Including Interdisciplinary Areas of Biology (Ecology, Biotechnology, Biophysics, Bioremediation), Chemistry (Air, Water, Soil Pollution), Geology And Physics.
Eligibility: M.Sc. degree or equivalent in any branch of basic or applied sciences or MBBS degree with atleast 55% marks.
(B) M.Sc. in: Environmental Sciences
An Interdisciplinary Course With Environmental Orientation, Drawn From Relevant Areas of Biological, Chemical Earth And Physical Sciences.
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in any branch of basic or applied sciences with atleast 55% marks.
- School of Physical Sciences: This school was formed in 1986 with a faculty in Physics and later added with faculties in Chemistry and Mathematics. The degree programs offered are M.Sc. (in Physics) and Ph.D. (in Physics, Chemistry or Mathematics). The different areas of research interests include Theoretical and Experimental Condensed Matter Physics, Soft-Matter Physics, Non-equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory, Classical and Quantum Chaos, Low Temperature Physics, Materials Science, Supramolecular Chemistry, as well as extensive computational facilities with a dedicated Nonlinear Dynamics laboratory.
- School of Social Sciences: It is the largest School (in terms of the number of faculty members) in JNU with 9 centres. The centers in this school include the Center for the Study of Regional Development, which is accredited as the Center for Advanced Studies (CAS) by the University Grants Comminssion and is the premier center in the Field of (GEOGRAPHY), the Center for Economic Studies and Planning, which is a premier institute in the field of economics, the Center for Historical Studies, which regularly brings out a reputed peer-reviewed journal entitled Studies in History, the Center for Philosophy, the Center for Political Studies, the Center for Studies in Science Policy, the Center for the Study of Social Systems, the Center of Social Medicine and Community Health, the Zakir Husain Center for Educational Studies.(A) M.Phil. / Ph.D.Programme is offered by the following Centres which have their curricular and research work organized on interdisciplinary basis with a focus on some major problems of study: CENTRES: Economic Studies & Planning; Historical Studies; Political Studies; Regional Development (Geography, Economics & Population Studies); Social Systems (Sociology); Educational Studies (Psychology, Sociology, Economics & History of Education); Social Medicine & Community Health; Philosophy and Studies in Science Policy.
Eligibility: Master’s degree in the subject concerned with atleast 50% marks; or Master’s degree in allied subjects or Humanities with atleast 55% marks; or Master’s degree in Natural Sciences with atleast 60% marks. For Centre for Studies in Science Policy: Master’s degree in Social Science or Humanities or Law or Management with 55% marks or Master’s degree in Natural Sciences or Bachelor’s degree in Engineering or Technology or Medicine with 60% marks. For Centre for Social Medicine & Community Health: Master’s degree in Sociology, Psychology and Anthropology, Economics, Political Science, History/Social work, Geography, Population Studies, Public Administration, Nutrition and other relevant applied Science and Social Science subjects with 50% marks.
(B) MCH/Ph.D. (Master of Community Health)
Eligibility: MBBS Degree with atleast 50% marks and atleast one year’s work experience after internship; or M.Sc. Degree in Nursing with atleast 50% marks and atleast one year’s experience in Community Health Nursing.
(C) M.A. in: ECONOMICS, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, POLITICAL SCIENCE AND SOCIOLOGY
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in any discipline with atleast 45% marks.
- Centre For Sanskrit Studies
M.Phil. / Ph. D. IN SANSKRIT
Eligibility: Master’s degree in Sanskrit or in an allied subject (with Sanskrit up to B.A.) with at least 55% marks.
M.A. IN SANSKRIT.
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in Sanskrit or in any other subject with at least 45% marks.
- Centre For Molecular Medicine
Ph. D. In Areas of Metabolic Disorders, Infectious Diseases, Diagnostics And Molecular Endocrinology.
- Center for the Study of Law and Governance
- Center for Molecular Medicine
- Special Center for Sanskrit Studies
- Special Centre for Nano Sciences
Institutions affiliated to JNU
The following institutions are affiliated to JNU:
- Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow
- Centre for Development Studies (CDS), Trivandrum
- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad,
- Central Institute of Medicine and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow
- College of Military Engineering (CME), Pune
- C.V.Raman Research Institute, Bangalore
- International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), New Delhi
- Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh
- Military College of Electronics and Mechanical Engineering (MCEME), Secunderabad
- Military College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE), Mhow
- Naval College of Engineering (NCE), INS Shivaji, Lonavla
- National Institute of Immunology (NII), New Delhi
- Nuclear Science Center, New Delhi (now renamed as the Inter-University Accelerator Centre(IUAC)
- The National Defence Academy, Pune
- The Army Cadet College, Dehra Dun
- National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR), New Delhi
The university has exchange programmes and academic collaboration through the signing of MoUs with 71 foreign universities around the world. This list includes:
- Ankara University, Turkey
- Australian National UniSversity, Canberra, Australia
- George Washington University, USA
- Gyeongsang National University, Korea
- Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris, France
- King’s College London, United Kingdom
- Lancaster University, UK
- Moscow State University, Russia
- School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
- University of Cologne, Germany
- University of Heidelberg, Germany
- University of Strasbourg, France
- University of Illinois, USA
- University of North Carolina, USA
- University of the Philippines (system), Quezon City
- University of Sydney, Australia
- University of Essex, UK
- Yale University, USA
- NASA, USA
- Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva, Switzerland
The JNU Campus
The university is an example of the new red brick universities built in the mid-twentieth century.
Located in the southern part of New Delhi and spread over an area of about 1000 acres (4 km²), the campus occupies some of the northernmost reaches of the Aravalli Hills. The campus still maintains large patches of scrub and forestland – the JNU ridge, home to over 200 species of birds and other wildlife such as, Indian Crested Porcupines, Common Palm Civet, jackals, mongoose, grizzly baers, exotic african tigers, peacocks as well as a large number of snakes.
The JNU library is a nine-storey building in the middle of the academic block of the university and is the tallest structure on the campus. It contains large collections of books, printed journals, newspapers and archives of primary sources. On the ground floor are the reading rooms, a section of the stacks, the library’s collection of the back numbers of scholarly journals, computer terminals and a newspaper and journal section. The different floors are devoted to different subjects. The library also houses the P.C.Joshi Archives.
The university has been modernizing itself by moving toward “paperless”transparency and e-governance with the help of Wipro, and a wireless network to connect the students and the teachers to the library.
Jawaharlal Nehru University Students’ Union (JNUSU)
The Jawaharlal Nehru University Students’ Union (JNUSU) is primarily responsible for building and preserving a healthy political culture and an atmosphere of open debates on the campus.
Students are kept informed about the various public meetings, discussions and other issues through pamphlets and notices.
Public Action, an objective forum, invited a variety of journalists, politicians, and academics, to debate and discuss various topics.
There is a long tradition in JNU of holding serious post-dinner meetings in the hostels to which the students often invite well known public figures, writers and intellectuals.
The university is known to have a long tradition of alumni that now occupy important political and bureaucratic positions (see: Prominent alumni) . This is in part due to the strong prevalence of left-centric student politics and the existence of a written constitution for the University to which noted Communist_Party_of_India_(Marxist) leader Prakash Karat contributed exhaustively during his education at J.N.U. However, on October 24, 2008 the Supreme Court of India had stayed the JNU elections and banned the JNUSU for not complying with the recommendations of the Lyngdoh committee. After a prolonged struggle and multi-party negotiations, the ban was lifted on December 8, 2011.
Foreign Students’ Association
The Foreign Students’ Association (FSA) is an official Jawaharlal Nehru University body. It was instituted in 1985 with a view to promoting friendly relations and cultural exchange. The FSA has a constitution and elected executive, cultural, advisory and financial committees. All foreign students of JNU are also members of the FSA.
FSA conducts Language and Culture classes free of charge for JNU students, including Japanese, German, English, Arabic, Hindi and Urdu classes with the help of FSA members and students. In addition, the group organizes tours, picnics and heritage trips are organized. The group organizes an International Film Festival at which films from different counties are screened. “Thursday Forum” is the discussion session held in FSA for foreign students for discussions around different issues and topics.
The university has 9 cultural clubs: the Drama Club, Music Club, Film Club, Fine Arts Club, Photography Club, Literary Club, Debating Club, UNESCO Club and Nature & Wildlife Club. Other cultural groups: IPTA (Indian Peoples’ Theatre Association), Bahroop Arts Group, Orissa Sanskrutika Parishad(OSP), Wings Cultural Society. Wings Cultural Society is very active now a days at cultural front like Theatrical activities, performing plays, painting exhibition, Literary seminars and symposiums etc.
Programs are organized by the Convenor and the members of the respective club.
Annual Cultural Programmes
SFH – Students for Harmony started in 1997 in JNU organises cultural events throughout the year. Tastopia, the world food festival, Ahimsa Day blood donation camp on 30 January, Talents – the inter-hostel festival, Madhurima, the folk songs and dance programme, Oceania, an international cultural evening, Imprint – the handicrafts exhibition, dignitaries lecture series are some of the events.
- Northeast Nite: This is annually organized by the Northeast Forum during the early winter season. It is a cultural festival that celebrates the cultural diversity of people from Sikkim and the Seven States of India’s Northeast.
- Kallol: It is the Annual Sports and Cultural Festival organized by the students of SLL&CS, JNU in the Monsoon Semester.
- Summit: It is the Sports and Cultural Festival of the SIS organized in the Winter Semester.
- Kalrav (International Film Festival): It is organised by the students of SLL&CS JNU in the Winter Semester with voluntary donations from the students.
- Utkal Divas Celebration: The celebration of Utkal Divas (Orissa Day) on 1 April every year, is one of the most attractive cultural functions of the University organised by Orissa Sanskrutika Parishad (OSP), a cultural association of Oriya Students at JNU.
- Ugadi: The campus celebrates Ugadi, the Telugu New Year festival. Telugu students present various cultural activities and traditions, as well as serve traditional Telugu food.
- Jashn-e-Zabaan (A Celebration of Language and Expressions) A three day festival of theatrical performances organized by Jawaharlal Nehru University, Wings Cultural Society and students of JNU.
The residential character of JNU is an important component of the intellectual and cultural life of the campus. There are 17 residences (hostels), including one for married students. Of the 17 residences, 7 for men, while 5 for women and 4 have mixed wings for women and men.
There are various sports clubs in the university. The practice sessions are organised by the convenor with help of the Sport Office, which provides the necessary kit and other sport equipments. All the clubs organise annual tournaments in the winter semester. There are three main venues where the following games are played:
- Sports Complex/JNU Stadium: For football, cricket, volleyball, lawn tennis, weight lifting/gymnasium, yoga & athletics.
- Badminton Hall inside the Students Activity Centre (Tefla’s Building): For badminton and taekwondo (with a qualified instructor, Black Belt 4th Dan).
- Central School Grounds Basketball Court’ (near Tapti Hostel): Basket Ball.